Document Detail

Psychosocial effects in long-term head and neck cancer survivors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15668929     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: To identify and rate the importance of several psychosocial and physiologic influences on quality of life (QOL) among a cohort of 5-year head and neck cancer survivors, we conducted a cross-sectional study of a convenience sample that used both questionnaires and physiologic evaluations. METHODS: QOL was assessed by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT) and the FACT Head and Neck additional concerns (FACT-H&N) questionnaires. Psychosocial characteristics (or risk factors) potentially influencing QOL were measured by the Millon Behavioral Health Inventory (MBHI) and the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQSR). Physiologic risk factors were measured in examinations that included shoulder and neck range of motion, whole and stimulated saliva measurements, and oropharyngeal swallowing efficiency. We evaluated the association of selected QOL measures with three groups of potential risk factors: psychosocial factors, consisting of selected MBHI and SSQSR scales; physiologic factors, consisting of selected physical ability measures; and a combination of psychosocial/physiologic factors. RESULTS: The entire study population of 105 subjects completed the FACT and FACT-H&N questionnaires; 86 of these completed the physiologic tests as well. Combined psychosocial/physiologic models best predicted all QOL measures considered. Psychosocial models alone, compared with physiologic models alone, better predicted FACT physical and social/family well-being measures. Physiologic models alone, compared with psychosocial models alone, better predicted FACT-H&N additional concerns measures. Premorbid pessimism (MBHI) was consistently the best predictor of QOL measures. CONCLUSIONS: Both psychosocial and physiologic factors influence QOL in patients with head and neck cancer, but many QOL measures are most strongly influenced by psychosocial considerations. Physicians and surgeons caring for long-term head and neck cancer survivors should be cognizant of the importance of psychosocial risk factors in the QOL of their patients.
Richard L Holloway; James L Hellewell; Anne M Marbella; Peter M Layde; Katherine B Myers; Bruce H Campbell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Head & neck     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1043-3074     ISO Abbreviation:  Head Neck     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-17     Completed Date:  2005-07-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8902541     Medline TA:  Head Neck     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  281-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Family & Community Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Deglutition / physiology
Family Relations
Follow-Up Studies
Head Movements / physiology
Head and Neck Neoplasms / physiopathology,  psychology*
Health Behavior
Longitudinal Studies
Quality of Life*
Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
Risk Factors
Saliva / secretion
Shoulder Joint / physiology
Social Support
Survivors / psychology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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