Document Detail

Psychosocial aspects of botox in aesthetic surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16411154     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The human preoccupation of experimenting with potentially toxic substances at sublethal doses to enhance beauty spans the ages. The Botox injection is the fastest growing cosmetic procedure, and its physiologic safety profile is considered to be excellent. The psychosocial consequences of Botox have been largely ignored in the literature. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated the psychosocial issues that can arise as either an antecedent to the treatment or a consequence of it. RESULTS: Significant differences between clients and control subjects were observed in the four major areas of psychosocial functioning implicated in this study: (a) distress arising from the procedure (anxiety/phobia), (b) worry about the facial changes after the procedure, (c) expectations, involving the discrepancy between expected and actual outcomes of treatment; and (d) dependence, involving the desire for repetitive administration. CONCLUSIONS: The impact of Botox on the psychosocial functioning of individuals was investigated in this study from a psychosocial and clinical perspective in an effort to pave the way for the formulation of national standardized guidelines for the use of Botox. This study empowers the clinician to understand the basis for the relative contraindications of Botox, which are largely psychological in nature, and thus to ensure its administration in a safe and responsible manner.
G Carter Singh; Matthew C Hankins; Amarjit Dulku; Martin B H Kelly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aesthetic plastic surgery     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0364-216X     ISO Abbreviation:  Aesthetic Plast Surg     Publication Date:    2006 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-02     Completed Date:  2006-06-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7701756     Medline TA:  Aesthetic Plast Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Craniofacial and Plastic Surgery, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, 369 Fulham Road, London, SW10 9NH, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Botulinum Toxin Type A / administration & dosage*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Middle Aged
Neuromuscular Agents / administration & dosage*
Personal Satisfaction*
Surgery, Plastic / methods*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Botulinum Toxin Type A; 0/Neuromuscular Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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