Document Detail


Psychophysiological stress in tennis players during the first single match of a tournament.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18845399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this investigation was to study the physiological and psychological states of 16 tennis players (8 males, 8 females) during the day of the first match of a tennis tournament and their relation to performance. Athletes completed the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2, including both intensity and direction subscales prior to the first match and collected saliva for cortisol analysis on several occasions: during a resting day (baseline values) and prior to and after both competitions. Results showed the males and females have different responses in the CSAI-2 subcomponents. Somatic anxiety was significantly higher (+23%: p<.05) in females compared to males whereas self-confidence was significantly higher in males (+34%: p<.05). Winners had significantly lower cognitive anxiety and higher Self-confidence scores than losers. Somatic anxiety was significantly higher in the losers. Our results showed a cortisol response to competition, which was especially characterized by an anticipatory rise. Males had the same pattern of cortisol responses than females, even if the cortisol concentrations were significantly higher in females the day of the competition. According to the outcome, significant differences between winners and losers cortisol concentrations were observed whatever the hour of taking (except in the evening), cortisol concentrations being the highest at the loser's. The measurement of cortisol at the same time that self-report psychological indicators would provide an approach to examine changes in anxiety, and its relationship to performance.
Authors:
Edith Filaire; Deborah Alix; Claude Ferrand; Michel Verger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-10-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychoneuroendocrinology     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0306-4530     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychoneuroendocrinology     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-23     Completed Date:  2009-03-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7612148     Medline TA:  Psychoneuroendocrinology     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  150-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratoire Activités Motrices et Adaptations Psychophysiologiques, UFRSTAPS Université d'Orléans, 2 Allée du Château, 45062 Orléans, France. edith.filaire@univ-orleans.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anxiety / metabolism,  psychology
Athletic Performance / psychology
Competitive Behavior / physiology*
Female
Humans
Hydrocortisone / metabolism*
Male
Saliva / metabolism
Self Concept
Sex Factors
Stress, Physiological / physiology*
Stress, Psychological / metabolism*
Tennis*
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-23-7/Hydrocortisone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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