Document Detail


Psychophysiological effects of emotional display rules and the moderating role of trait anger in a simulated call center.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21077009     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In customer interactions, emotional display rules typically prescribe service providers to suppress negative emotions and display positive ones. This study investigated the causal impact of these emotional display rules on physiological indicators of workers' stress and performance. Additionally, the moderating influence of personality was examined by analyzing the impact of trait anger. In a simulated call center, 82 females were confronted with a complaining customer and instructed to react either authentically and show their true emotions or to "serve with a smile" and hide negative emotions. Increases in diastolic blood pressure and heart rates were higher in the smile condition, while verbal fluency was lower. Trait anger moderated the effects on diastolic blood pressure and observer ratings' of participants' professional competence, suggesting more negative effects for high trait anger individuals. Findings imply that emotional display rules may increase call center employees' strain and that considering employees' personality may be crucial for precluding health and performance impairments among call center workers.
Authors:
Sonja Rohrmann; Myriam N Bechtoldt; Henrik Hopp; Volker Hodapp; Dieter Zapf
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anxiety, stress, and coping     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-2205     ISO Abbreviation:  Anxiety Stress Coping     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9212242     Medline TA:  Anxiety Stress Coping     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-18     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Goethe-University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
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