Document Detail


Psychophysiological arousal and craving in smokers, deprived smokers, former smokers, and non-smokers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19592759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study investigates the biometric signature associated with tobacco craving and stress elicitation using principles of cue reactivity. Seventy-five non-smokers and smokers (half of whom were tobacco-deprived for 6 hours) took part in a standardized laboratory session during which they were presented with a series of film clips designed to arouse fear, amusement, or craving. Participants self-reported their emotional response to each film clip and wore non-invasive biosensors to collect physiologic data. Findings indicate different patterns of physiologic arousal for smokers than non-smokers; and that among smokers, deprived smokers had significantly different arousal patterns than non-deprived smokers. This article describes how the elicitation of stress and craving can contribute to the prediction of arousal patterns associated with tobacco craving and how this can create new opportunities for smoking cessation intervention. A comparison of each group's patterns of arousal and physiologic activity is presented, with particular focus on the differences between smokers and deprived smokers.
Authors:
Leigh W Jerome; Patricia J Jordan; Rebekah Rodericks; Leon Fedenczuk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Studies in health technology and informatics     Volume:  144     ISSN:  0926-9630     ISO Abbreviation:  Stud Health Technol Inform     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214582     Medline TA:  Stud Health Technol Inform     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  179-83     Citation Subset:  T    
Affiliation:
Institute for Triple Helix Innovation Honolulu, HI, USA.
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