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Psychophysiological Responses to Overloading and Tapering Phases in Elite Young Soccer Players.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24722819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study investigated the effect of a 2 week overloading training phase followed by a 2 week tapering phase on internal training load (ITL), salivary cortisol, stress tolerance, and upper respiratory tract infections symptoms (URTI) in 11 male young soccer players (16.0 ± 0.5 yrs). Ratings of perceived exertion (session-RPE) were taken after each training session (n=194) to determine ITL. Saliva sampling was conducted at the end of each week and cortisol concentration assessed by ELISA. DALDA and WURSS-21 questionnaires were administered every week to evaluate stress tolerance and severity of URTI respectively. The number of athletes reporting URTI symptoms was recorded. The overloading phase promoted greater ITL and a higher resting cortisol concentration than the tapering phase (p < 0.05). While no significant changes in stress tolerance or URTI severity were observed, the number of athletes reporting URTI symptoms was higher during the overloading phase. A significant correlation was observed between symptoms of stress and severity of URTI (rs=-0.71; p=0.01). The results indicate that an integrated approach using psychological measures (session-RPE and DALDA), self-reports of URTI symptoms, and endocrine responses (cortisol) to training are pertinent for monitoring young soccer players.
Authors:
Camila Gobo Freitas; Marcelo Saldanha Aoki; Clovis Alberto Franciscon; Felipe Schultz Arruda A; Christopher Carling; Alexandre Moreira
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric exercise science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1543-2920     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Exerc Sci     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8909729     Medline TA:  Pediatr Exerc Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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