Document Detail

Psychophysiological Effects of Preperformance Massage Before Isokinetic Exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21240029     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Arroyo-Morales, M, Fernández-Lao, C, Ariza-García, A, Toro-Velasco, C, Winters, M, Díaz-Rodríguez, L, Cantarero-Villanueva, I, Huijbregts, P, and Fernández-De-las-Peñas, C. Psychophysiological effects of preperformance massage before isokinetic exercise. J Strength Cond Res 25(2): 481-488, 2011-Sports massage provided before an activity is called pre-event massage. The hypothesized effects of pre-event massage include injury prevention, increased performance, and the promotion of a mental state conducive to performance. However, evidence with regard to the effects of pre-event massage is limited and equivocal. The exact manner in which massage produces its hypothesized effects also remains a topic of debate and investigation. This randomized single-blind placebo-controlled crossover design compared the immediate effects of pre-event massage to a sham intervention of detuned ultrasound. Outcome measures included isokinetic peak torque assessments of knee extension and flexion; salivary flow rate, cortisol concentration, and α-amylase activity; mechanical detection thresholds (MDTs) using Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments and mood state using the Profile of Mood States (POMS) questionnaire. This study showed that massage before activity negatively affected subsequent muscle performance in the sense of decreased isokinetic peak torque at higher speed (p < 0.05). Although the study yielded no significant changes in salivary cortisol concentration and α-amylase activity, it found a significant increase in salivary flow rate (p = 0.03). With the massage intervention, there was a significant increase in the MDT at both locations tested (p < 0.01). This study also noted a significant decrease in the tension subscale of the POMS for massage as compared to placebo (p = 0.01). Pre-event massage was found to negatively affect muscle performance possibly because of increased parasympathetic nervous system activity and decreased afferent input with resultant decreased motor-unit activation. However, psychological effects may indicate a role for pre-event massage in some sports, specifically in sportspeople prone to excessive pre-event tension.
Manuel Arroyo-Morales; Carolina Fernández-Lao; Angelica Ariza-García; Cristina Toro-Velasco; Marinus Winters; Lourdes Díaz-Rodríguez; Irene Cantarero-Villanueva; Peter Huijbregts; Cesar Fernández-De-Las-Peñas
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  481-488     Citation Subset:  -    
1Physical Therapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain; 2Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Physical Therapy, University of Applied Sciences, Leiden, The Netherlands; 3Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain; 4Online Education, Department of Physiotherapy, University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences, St. Augustine, Florida; 5Department of Physiotherapy, Shelbourne Physiotherapy Clinic, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada; and 6Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of University Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Spain.
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