Document Detail


Psychopathology and personality of young women who experience food cravings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9290863     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of the present study was to investigate the psychopathology and personality characteristics of women who experience food cravings. A total of 101 young women selected at random from the community completed the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies with a trained interviewer. The interview included a section about food-craving experiences and associated factors. Subjects also completed a self-report questionnaire booklet containing the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI). Compared to noncravers, women who reported food cravings were significantly more likely to report a history of alcohol abuse/dependence (p = .003), significant weight changes (p = .003), and to have undertaken dieting (p = .02), bingeing (p = .05), vomiting (p = .02), exercise (p = .04), diet pill (p = .03), and laxative use (p = .01) to control weight. There was a trend for the cravers to have higher novelty-seeking scores on the TCI (p = .06). Our findings suggest that women who experience food cravings are more likely to have met criteria for alcohol abuse/dependence and tend to have temperament characterized by higher levels of novelty seeking. In addition the high rates of eating-disorder symptomatology implies overconcern with body weight and shape in the women who experienced food cravings.
Authors:
K A Gendall; P F Sullivan; P R Joyce; J L Fear; C M Bulik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:    1997 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-11-06     Completed Date:  1997-11-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  545-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University Department of Psychological Medicine, Christchurch School of Medicine, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Behavior, Addictive / complications,  psychology*
Body Weight
Chi-Square Distribution
Cross-Sectional Studies
Disease Susceptibility
Drive*
Eating Disorders / complications
Female
Food Preferences / psychology*
Humans
Inhibition (Psychology)
Mental Disorders / complications*
Middle Aged
Personality*
Substance-Related Disorders / complications
Temperament

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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