Document Detail

Psychopathology among preterm infants using the Diagnostic Classification Zero to Three.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19709094     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To compare the prevalence of psychopathology in infants born preterm with matched full-term infants at the corrected age of 1 year. METHODS: Between June 2003 and April 2005, a case-control longitudinal cohort study was conducted at the neonatal unit of the University Hospital of Antwerp, Belgium. We prospectively enrolled 123 live-born infants between 25 and 35 weeks of gestation and/or infants with a birth-weight of <1500 g. Thirty full-term infants were recruited among day care centres in the region. Diagnoses were based on the Diagnostic Classification Zero to Three (DC: 0-3), using the MacArthur Communicative Developmental Inventory Dutch version, Infant-Toddler Sensory Profile, Bayley Scales of Infant Development II, Parent Infant Relationship Global Assessment Scale and Functional Emotional Assessment Scale. RESULTS: At the (corrected) age of 12 months, 89 infants were eligible for follow-up and complete data were available for 69 (77%) infants. Fifty-four percentage of the preterm infants fulfilled one or more DC 0-3 diagnoses. Premature infants had significantly more diagnoses than full-term infants on axis I, axis III and axis V of the DC: 0-3. CONCLUSION: In this study, the prevalence of psychopathology was significantly higher among preterm infants in comparison with full-term infants. This study did not confirm previous findings of higher rates of relationship disorders among preterm infants.
A Janssens; K Uvin; H Van Impe; S M F Laroche; P Van Reempts; D Deboutte
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-08-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  98     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-06     Completed Date:  2010-02-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  Norway    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1988-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Collaborative Antwerp Psychiatric Research Institute, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Case-Control Studies
Cohort Studies
Gestational Age
Infant Behavior
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Infant, Premature, Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight
Mental Disorders / epidemiology*
Neonatal Screening / methods*
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales*
Term Birth

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