Document Detail


Psychomotor agitation following gabapentin use in brain injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9210989     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Gabapentin, an anticonvulsant structurally related to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was recently reported to be effective in pain associated with reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) and in pain associated with neuropathy. Yet, to our knowledge, the use of gabapentin for neuropathic pain in the presence of cognitive impairment has not been reported. In this report, we describe two patients (one with a traumatic brain injury, one with a putative acquired brain injury) who presented to a neurorehabilitation unit complaining of pain that was diagnosed as neurologically mediated. Within one week of receiving a daily 900 mg dose of gabapentin, both patients complained of heightened anxiety and restlessness. Correspondingly, each reported a diminution of psychological symptoms within 48 hours of gabapentin cessation. These two cases suggest that gabapentin may cause agitation in cognitive impaired patients. Physicians treating brain-injured patients and prescribing gabapentin for neuropathic pain may wish to closely monitor patients for similar signs of restlessness or anxiety.
Authors:
M K Childers; D Holland
Related Documents :
18483189 - Classification of childhood white matter disorders using proton mr spectroscopic imaging.
9874469 - A longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study of the brain in survivors in childhood ...
18608319 - Searching for the elusive neural substrates of body part terms: a neuropsychological st...
20421059 - Scheduled repeat ct scanning for traumatic brain injury remains important in assessing ...
12655389 - Outcomes of patients referred for confirmation of brain death by 99mtc-exametazime scin...
3953319 - Primary hyperparathyroidism in patients with organic brain syndrome.
20007429 - Multiparametric mr investigation of the motor pyramidal system in patients with 'truly ...
16398969 - Correlation between clinical endoscopic and histological findings at esophago-gastric j...
24033909 - Therapeutic strategy for patients with bleeding rectal varices complicating liver cirrh...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain injury : [BI]     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0269-9052     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Inj     Publication Date:  1997 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-09-03     Completed Date:  1997-09-03     Revised Date:  2013-06-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710358     Medline TA:  Brain Inj     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  537-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Missouri-Columbia, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acetates / adverse effects*
Adult
Akathisia, Drug-Induced / etiology*
Amines*
Analgesics / adverse effects*
Brain Injuries / complications*
Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids*
Humans
Male
Neuralgia / complications,  drug therapy*
Phantom Limb / complications,  drug therapy*
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Acetates; 0/Amines; 0/Analgesics; 0/Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids; 56-12-2/gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; 6CW7F3G59X/gabapentin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Awareness and perceptions of outcomes after traumatic brain injury.
Next Document:  The evolution of social attractiveness and its role in shame, humiliation, guilt and therapy.