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Psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Profession Students.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23205565     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: ● Empathy is considered as an integral component of the therapeutic nurse-patient relationship. ● Valid and reliable Chinese instruments to assess nursing students' empathy are scarce. ● This study evaluates psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Profession Students among Taiwanese undergraduate nursing students. ● A Chinese version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Profession Students is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing the degree of empathy in undergraduate nursing students. ABSTRACT: Empathy is central to a therapeutic nurse-patient relationship. Valid and reliable Chinese instruments to assess nursing students' empathy are lacking. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Profession Students (C-JSE-HPS) among Taiwanese undergraduate nursing students. A convenience sample of 613 Taiwanese nursing students participated in the study. Content validity, construct validity, internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability were examined. Content validity was confirmed by a content validity index of 0.89. Factor analysis yielded three components of perspective taking, compassionate care and standing in the patient's shoes, explaining 57.14% of total variance. Women scored higher on empathy than men. Also, students who were enrolled in the 4-year Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) indicated greater empathy degrees than those in the 2-year Registered Nurse to Bachelor of Science in Nursing (RN-to-BSN). Cronbach's alpha coefficient and the test-retest reliability were 0.93 and 0.92 respectively. A C-JSE-HPS demonstrated satisfactory psychometric properties to measure empathy of undergraduate nursing students. Educators may use this instrument to assess empathic qualities among students and design effective empathy-oriented nursing curricula to improve the quality of nursing care.
Authors:
C-Y Hsiao; Y-F Tsai; Y-C Kao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2850     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9439514     Medline TA:  J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing.
Affiliation:
College of Nursing, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung.
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