Document Detail

Psychological study of cleft palate children with or without cleft lip by kinetic family drawing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11465146     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To clarify how cleft palate children with or without cleft lip perceive their family, we applied the Kinetic Family Drawing (KFD) technique to 60 cleft palate children (with or without cleft lip). The children were aged 7-9 years (in the 1-3 grade of elementary school) and attended the Department of Oral Surgery, Nagoya University Hospital, between 1990 and 1997. Controls consisted of 100 normal elementary school children of the same age. Major findings were: (1) Compared with normal children, cleft lip and palate boys and cleft palate only girls drew their self-images significantly more often in region D (lower right) and in region A (upper left), respectively. (2) Cleft palate children with or without cleft lip felt anxiety and fear toward their family, rarely viewing their homes as a restful place; this suggested insecurity. Uniquely dynamic relations were also suggested in their homes. (3) Cleft palate children with or without cleft lip often perceived their father or mother as persons easily acceptable in society. Rather remote psychological distance between parents and cleft palate children with or without cleft lip was suggested.
M Kasuya; Y Sawaki; Y Ohno; M Ueda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1010-5182     ISO Abbreviation:  J Craniomaxillofac Surg     Publication Date:  2000 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-07-23     Completed Date:  2001-08-09     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704309     Medline TA:  J Craniomaxillofac Surg     Country:  Scotland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  373-9     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Activities of Daily Living
Anxiety / psychology
Body Image
Chi-Square Distribution
Cleft Lip / psychology*
Cleft Palate / psychology*
Family Relations*
Father-Child Relations
Fear / psychology
Mother-Child Relations
Self Concept
Sex Factors
Social Desirability
Statistics as Topic

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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