Document Detail

Psychological-state theories about significant others: implications for the content and structure of significant-other representations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15189589     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Three studies tested a theory-based approach to significant-other representations. The central hypothesis was that perceivers are especially likely to possess lay theories to explain the responses of their significant others, and this is reflected in the content and structure of significant-other representations. Theories were defined in IF-THEN terms as beliefs about the psychological states (e.g., "IF Bill wants to make a good impression.") that explain others' responses (e.g., ". THEN he acts friendly"). All three studies yielded evidence indicating that the content of significant-other representations is especially likely to include such psychological-state theories (PSTs). Study 3 assessed the internal structure of PSTs-specifically, the strength of the linkages between psychological-state IFs and the THENs they are believed to elicit-and showed that such linkages are particularly strong for PSTs about significant others. Overall, the findings add to the growing literature on the role of explanatory or lay-theoretical forms of knowledge in how perceivers make sense of the social world.
Serena Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Personality & social psychology bulletin     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0146-1672     ISO Abbreviation:  Pers Soc Psychol Bull     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-10     Completed Date:  2004-06-29     Revised Date:  2011-02-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7809042     Medline TA:  Pers Soc Psychol Bull     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1285-302     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1650, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Friends / psychology*
Psychological Theory*
Reaction Time
Social Perception*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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