Document Detail

Psychological skills training as a way to enhance an athlete's performance in high-intensity sports.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20840565     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The importance of psychological skills training (PST) in the development of athletic performance is widely recognized. This paper is a comprehensive review of PST in elite sports, with a special focus on high-intensity sports (HIS). The reviewed literature showed a lack of convincing evidence and theoretical underpinning concerning traditional psychological skills to enhance performance in HIS. Therefore, a model with three conceptual levels (psychological demands, skills and techniques) is presented. The model facilitates the identification of the psychological demands of a specific sport, which in turn enables distinguishing which psychological skills are required. This allows an expert to choose psychological techniques to improve the athlete's psychological skill. Considerations based on our model and the limited HIS-related literature available revealed self-skills, personal development and life skills, arousal-regulation skills, volitional skills, motivational skills and recovery skills as the most important skills to address in order to enhance performance. Development of harmonious passion, in-practice integration of volitional strategies, use of associative attentional techniques, pain management techniques, use of the mindfulness-acceptance approach and the facilitative interpretation of cognitive and somatic sensations are regarded as suitable to meet the psychological demands of HIS. They are recommended for systematic application by athletes and coaches.
D Birrer; G Morgan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports     Volume:  20 Suppl 2     ISSN:  1600-0838     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Med Sci Sports     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111504     Medline TA:  Scand J Med Sci Sports     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  78-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Swiss Federal Institute of Sport Magglingen, Magglingen, Switzerland.
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