Document Detail

Psychological and physical long-term effects of torture. A follow-up examination of 22 Greek persons exposed to torture 1967-1974.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4023668     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
After an observation period of about 10 years a follow-up examination was made of 22 Greeks earlier exposed to torture. All had physical symptoms and about 90% of the examinees had chronic psychological symptoms which had appeared after the torture experience, the most notable of which were emotional instability, depression, passivity, fatigue and disturbed sleep. Eight of the victims had a chronic organic psychosyndrome as defined by us. The clinical picture of the torture victims is very similar to other stress-conditioned syndromes, which underlines the significance of the psychological trauma for the pathogenesis. Certain physical symptoms can be related to specific forms of torture; in this series particularly, symptoms of the feet and lower extremities can be related to 'falanga' (repeated blows to the soles of the feet). The most noticeable objective finding was unilateral atrophy of testis in 2 of the examinees caused in all probability by genital torture. Treatment of the sequelae to torture should be initiated as early as possible in the course of the illness, and studies on the effect of this treatment should be carried out.
H D Petersen; U Abildgaard; G Daugaard; P Jess; H Marcussen; M Wallach
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of social medicine     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0300-8037     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Soc Med     Publication Date:  1985  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-09-24     Completed Date:  1985-09-24     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0365610     Medline TA:  Scand J Soc Med     Country:  SWEDEN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  89-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Disease / etiology*
Mental Disorders / diagnosis,  etiology*,  psychology
Middle Aged
Physical Examination
Stress, Psychological
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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