Document Detail

Psychological, muscular and kinematic factors mediate performance under pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20409012     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
It is well established that performance is influenced by pressure, but the underlying mechanisms of the pressure-performance relationship are poorly understood. To address this important issue, the current experiment evaluated psychological, physiological, and kinematic factors as mediators of the pressure-performance relationship. Psychological, physiological, and kinematic responses to three levels of competitive pressure were measured in 23 males and 35 females during a golf putting task. Pressure manipulations impaired putting performance. Self-reported anxiety, effort, and perceived pressure were increased. Heart rate, heart rate variability, muscle activity, and lateral clubhead acceleration were also elevated. Mediation analyses revealed that effort, muscle activity, and lateral acceleration partially mediated the decline in performance. Results confirmed that pressure elicits effects on performance through multiple pathways.
Andrew Cooke; Maria Kavussanu; David McIntyre; Christopher Ring
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychophysiology     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1540-5958     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychophysiology     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0142657     Medline TA:  Psychophysiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1109-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Society for Psychophysiological Research.
School of Sport & Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
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