Document Detail

Psychological impact of disasters on children: review of assessment and interventions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19172325     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: There is a wide range of mental and behavioral sequel in children following disasters, which can last long. This review discusses the nature and extent of the psychiatric problems, their management options and process to organize the psychological interventions for affected children. DATA SOURCES: Literatures were searched through PubMed with the words "children, disaster, psychiatry, and mental health" and relevant cross references were included in the review. RESULTS: Proportions of children having posttraumatic symptoms or syndromal diagnoses vary in different studies depending on various factors like nature and severity of disaster, diagnostic criteria used, cultural issues regarding meaning of trauma, support available, etc. Common psychiatric manifestations among children include acute stress reactions, adjustment disorder, depression, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders specific to childhood and psychotic disorders. Comorbidities and sub-clinical syndromes are also common. Most of the post-disaster mental health interventions can be provided in the community by the local disaster workers. Supportive counselling, cognitive behavior therapy, brief trauma/grief-focused psychotherapy, and play therapy are the commonly utilized methods of psychological intervention, which can be given in groups. Information about the efficacy of medications is still emerging, while many are being used and found useful. CONCLUSIONS: Following disaster, systematic screening for psychological problems in children is suggested. An integrated approach using psycho-socio-educational and clinical interventions is expected to be effective.
Nilamadhab Kar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2009-01-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of pediatrics : WJP     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1708-8569     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-27     Completed Date:  2009-06-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101278599     Medline TA:  World J Pediatr     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Wolverhampton City Primary Care Trust, Wolverhampton, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  therapy
Child, Preschool
Conduct Disorder / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  therapy
Depression / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  therapy
Mass Screening
Mental Disorders / diagnosis*,  epidemiology,  therapy*
Mental Health Services
Parent-Child Relations
Psychotherapy / methods
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Social Support
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  therapy
Stress, Psychological / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  psychology*,  therapy
Substance-Related Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  therapy

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