Document Detail


Psychological factors and visual fatigue in working with video display terminals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11245744     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To examine the part played by psychological factors in complaints about visual health reported by banking officers who work at video display terminals (VDTs). METHODS: Out of a population of 385 bank workers, a group of 212 subjects without organic visual disturbances (as determined by ophthalmological examination) who share a work environment and job duties was selected. Three questionnaires were administered to these subjects: (a) the NIOSH job stress questionnaire; (b) a questionnaire investigating subjective discomfort related to environmental and lighting conditions of the workplace; (c) a questionnaire on the existence of oculovisual disturbances. Correlation and multiple regression analyses were performed to examine for the presence of predictors of asthenopia. RESULTS: Social support, group conflict, self esteem, work satisfaction, and underuse of skills were found to be predictors of visual complaints; social support played a part also as a moderating factor in the stress and strain model; this model accounted for 30% of the variance. Subjective environmental factors, although in some cases significantly correlated with asthenopia, were not found to be strong predictors of the symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Some part of the complaints about visual health reported by VDT workers are likely indirect expressions of psychological discomfort related to working conditions.
Authors:
F Mocci; A Serra; G A Corrias
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Occupational and environmental medicine     Volume:  58     ISSN:  1351-0711     ISO Abbreviation:  Occup Environ Med     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-14     Completed Date:  2001-03-29     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422759     Medline TA:  Occup Environ Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  267-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Occupational Medicine Institute, University of Sassari, Via Matteotti 58, 07100 Sassari, Italy. mocci@ssmain.uniss.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Age Factors
Asthenopia / etiology*,  psychology
Commerce*
Computer Terminals*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases / etiology*,  psychology
Regression Analysis
Self Concept
Sex Factors
Social Support
Stress, Psychological
Workload
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