Document Detail

Psychological distress symptoms in women undergoing medical vs. surgical termination of pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16377364     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to compare the baseline psychological distress and symptom profile of women undergoing either medical (with mifepristone) or surgical pregnancy termination and the psychological outcome 2 weeks after the procedure. METHODS: Women (n = 200) given free choice of pregnancy termination method, either medical or surgical, were assessed before pregnancy termination by a demographic questionnaire including questions regarding the choice of the method of pregnancy termination, the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), the Spielberger State Anxiety questionnaire and the Rotter Locus of Control Scale. Two weeks after the procedure, the BSI and Spielberger questionnaires were repeated. RESULTS: Women with a smaller number of past pregnancies tended to choose the medical procedure. Reasons for choosing the medical procedure were fear of surgery, anesthesia and of future fertility difficulties. Prior to the procedure, the "medical group" had significantly higher levels of obsessive-compulsive symptoms, guilt and BSI general symptom index score, and a trend for higher interpersonal sensitivity and paranoid ideation. Postprocedure, both groups showed significant decline in anxiety levels and did not differ on most symptom parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Women who chose to have a medical termination are marginally more symptomatic before the procedure than women choosing surgical termination. However, both methods of pregnancy termination resulted in significant reduction in preabortion psychological distress level.
Lior Lowenstein; Michael Deutcsh; Rakefet Gruberg; Ido Solt; Yaron Yagil; Ori Nevo; Miki Bloch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  General hospital psychiatry     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0163-8343     ISO Abbreviation:  Gen Hosp Psychiatry     Publication Date:    2006 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-26     Completed Date:  2006-05-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905527     Medline TA:  Gen Hosp Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  43-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Rappaport Technion Faculty of Medicine, Rambam Medical Center, POB 9602, Haifa 31096, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Abortifacient Agents*
Abortion, Induced / methods,  psychology*
Alprostadil / analogs & derivatives
Anxiety / etiology*
Choice Behavior*
Patient Satisfaction*
Pregnancy Trimester, First
Prospective Studies
Prostaglandins E, Synthetic
Stress, Psychological / etiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Abortifacient Agents; 0/Prostaglandins E, Synthetic; 64318-79-2/gemeprost; 745-65-3/Alprostadil; 84371-65-3/Mifepristone

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