Document Detail

Psychological distress among Kurdish immigrants in Sweden.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18519284     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: To analyse whether there is an association between sex and poor self-reported health (SRH) and psychological distress in Kurdish immigrants. METHODS: This cross-sectional study is based on a sample consisting of immigrants, aged 27- 60 years, with self-reported Kurdish ethnicity (n=111, men; n=86, women) in Sweden originating from Iran and Turkey. It is based on data collected in 1996 from the first Swedish National Survey on the living conditions of immigrant groups conducted by Statistics Sweden. The prevalences of reporting poor health, sleeping difficulties, general fatigue and anxiety were estimated by sex. The association between sex and SRH and psychological distress was analysed by an unconditional logistic regression model estimating odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals. The final model was adjusted for age, marital status, education, housing and employment. Immigrant-specific migration-related variables were used to explore possible reasons for the sex differences. RESULTS: Kurdish men and women had a high prevalence of poor SRH and psychological distress. Age-adjusted odds ratios for anxiety were higher in Kurdish women. Sex differences in anxiety remained even when marital status, education, housing and employment were taken into account. CONCLUSIONS: Kurdish men and women report a high prevalence of poor SRH and indicators of psychological distress. Women had a higher risk for anxiety than men. Negative experiences of pre-migration as well as post-migration experiences, such as economic difficulties, preoccupation with the political situation in the home country, perceived discrimination, and feelings of poor control over one's life, were associated with the outcomes.
Marina Taloyan; Sven-Erik Johansson; Jan Sundquist; Tahire O Koctürk; Leena Maria Johansson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of public health     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1403-4948     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Public Health     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-03     Completed Date:  2008-06-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883503     Medline TA:  Scand J Public Health     Country:  Sweden    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  190-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Karolinska Institute, Centre for Family and Community Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Emigrants and Immigrants / psychology*
Health Status
Health Surveys
Iran / ethnology
Mental Disorders / epidemiology*
Mental Health
Middle Aged
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden / epidemiology,  ethnology
Turkey / ethnology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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