Document Detail


Psychological casualties resulting from chemical and biological weapons.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11778422     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This symposium addresses the complications encountered by medical planners when confronted by the use or threat of the use of weapons of mass destruction. The types of chemical warfare agents (CWA), their principal target organs, and physiological effects are discussed. We have reviewed the use of CWA in 20th century warfare and otherwise with emphasis on five cases: (1) use of sulfur mustard during World War I; (2) use by Italy against Ethiopia; (3) use in the Sino-Japanese War; (4) relatively well-studied use in the Iran-Iraq conflict; and (5) the use of sarin in the Tokyo subway terrorist incident. We reviewed the additional physiological and psychological consequences of their use and threat of use. Results from training and simulation are discussed. Finally, we present our conclusions derived from the analysis of these historical situations.
Authors:
J A Romano; J M King
Publication Detail:
Type:  Lectures    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Military medicine     Volume:  166     ISSN:  0026-4075     ISO Abbreviation:  Mil Med     Publication Date:  2001 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-07     Completed Date:  2002-02-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984771R     Medline TA:  Mil Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  21-2     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, 3100 Ricketts Point Road, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010-5400, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Biological Warfare / psychology*
Chemical Warfare / psychology*
Chemical Warfare Agents / classification
Humans
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chemical Warfare Agents

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