Document Detail

Psychogenic needs and psychiatric symptoms in young Swedish women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1571304     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In a longitudinal study of personality, 66 women completed the Cesarec Marke Personality Schedule, a Swedish personality inventory, in order to asses their psychogenic needs at the age of 15 and 25. Psychiatric symptoms and a number of background variables were assessed independently after the completion of the Cesarec Marke Personality Schedule, with the aim of examining whether traits and background variables were related to psychiatric symptoms. The psychogenic needs Defence of Status and Guilt Feelings at the age of 15 were positively and significantly related to depressive and anxiety symptoms and high score on psychiatric morbidity in general. The psychogenic needs Defence of Status, Guilt Feelings and Succourance at the age of 25 were significantly related to the symptom constructs Somatization, Interpersonal-sensitivity, Depression, Anxiety-phobia, and General Morbidity. Subjects with a low score of psychiatric symptoms differed from high scoring subjects by having been raised by older parents, experienced a secure childhood, better relationships with siblings and peers, and a longer education. It may be hypothesized that high scores on Defence of Status and Guilt Feelings in combination with less favourable background variables may constitute a vulnerability factor for depression and anxiety.
U Holmlund
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of medical psychology     Volume:  65 ( Pt 1)     ISSN:  0007-1129     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Med Psychol     Publication Date:  1992 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-06-04     Completed Date:  1992-06-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370640     Medline TA:  Br J Med Psychol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  27-38     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis,  psychology
Cohort Studies
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
Depressive Disorder / diagnosis,  psychology
Dysmenorrhea / diagnosis,  psychology
Mental Disorders / diagnosis,  psychology*
Personality Development*
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data*
Risk Factors
Social Environment*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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