Document Detail

Psychiatric comorbidity in patients with burning mouth syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9625229     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and type of psychiatric disorders coexisting with burning mouth syndrome (BMS), to compare the clinical features of patients with BMS alone with patients with multiple diagnoses, and to investigate the number and severity of life events that occur before the onset of BMS. METHOD: There were 102 patients with BMS, with no possible local or systemic causes, who were evaluated according to the diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV. All axis I diagnoses for which the patients met criteria at intake or lifetime were determined. Life events were evaluated for a period of 6 months before the onset of BMS. A statistical comparison between patients and a matched control group was performed first; moreover, patients with BMS alone were compared with patients with comorbid BMS. RESULTS: Although 29 (28.4%) BMS patients were not given any other lifetime psychiatric diagnosis, high rates of comorbid psychiatric diagnoses were found. The most prevalent concurrent diagnoses were depressive disorders and generalized anxiety disorder. No significant differences emerged in clinical features between patients with and without other current psychiatric disorders. The severity of life events, rather than in their number, was significantly associated with BMS. CONCLUSIONS: BMS has high psychiatric comorbidity but can occur in the absence of psychiatric diagnoses.
F Bogetto; G Maina; G Ferro; M Carbone; S Gandolfo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatic medicine     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0033-3174     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosom Med     Publication Date:    1998 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-08-06     Completed Date:  1998-08-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376505     Medline TA:  Psychosom Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  378-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neuroscience, University of Turin, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis,  psychology
Burning Mouth Syndrome / psychology*
Chronic Disease
Depressive Disorder / diagnosis,  psychology
Life Change Events
Mental Disorders / diagnosis,  psychology*
Middle Aged
Pain / psychology
Personality Assessment
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Somatoform Disorders / diagnosis,  psychology*

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