Document Detail

Psoas abscess - not as rare as we think?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17298628     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Iliopsoas abscess (IPA) is a rare condition with a reported worldwide incidence of 12 new cases per year with primary abscesses now predominating. The presentation is often vague and the diagnosis not considered. METHOD: The medical records of 15 consecutive patients presenting to our hospital in a 3-year period with IPA were reviewed. Demographic data, presenting features, predisposing factors and the investigations performed were recorded. Abscesses were classified as primary or secondary and the treatment provided and eventual outcomes were analysed. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (eight males) were included. Nine patients were pyrexial on admission, 14 were anaemic and all had raised inflammatory markers. Only five patients presented with the classical triad of pain, fever and limp. The median time to diagnosis was 3 days with a median hospital stay of 27 days (range 7-243 days). Fourteen patients were diagnosed by computed tomographic scan. Three patients were treated with antibiotics alone whilst 11 received percutaneous drainage (PCD) as well. Of these, five had recurrence following initial drainage, needing further PCD procedures but none needed open drainage. Only one patient underwent open drainage initially. The mortality rate was 20%. CONCLUSION: The incidence of IPA is probably under-reported. The vague presentation leads to delays in diagnosis and increases morbidity and a high index of suspicion is the key to early diagnosis. Percutaneous drainage with antibiotics is the first line of treatment although recurrence rate is high. Open drainage allows simultaneous treatment of underlying pathology in secondary abscesses.
J P Garner; P D Meiring; K Ravi; R Gupta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1462-8910     ISO Abbreviation:  Colorectal Dis     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-14     Completed Date:  2007-04-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883611     Medline TA:  Colorectal Dis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  269-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of General Surgery, Chesterfield and North Derbyshire Foundation Hospital, Calow, Chesterfield, North Derbyshire, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
Gram-Negative Bacteria / isolation & purification
Gram-Positive Bacteria / isolation & purification
Length of Stay
Medical Records
Middle Aged
Psoas Abscess / diagnosis*,  drug therapy,  epidemiology*,  microbiology,  radiography,  therapy
Retrospective Studies
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents

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