Document Detail

Prp-c and Prp-Sc at the fetal-maternal interface.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11274195     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Scrapie is a naturally occurring prion (PrP) disease causing a fatal neurodegenerative disorder in sheep and goats. Previous studies suggest that scrapie is transmitted naturally through exposure to the scrapie agent in wasted placentas of infected ewes. This study determined the distribution and biochemical properties of PrP cellular (PrP-C) and the distribution of PrP scrapie (PrP-Sc) in reproductive, placental, and selected fetal tissues and fetal fluids in sheep. Glycosylated, N-terminally truncated, proteinase K-sensitive PrP-C with apparent molecular masses of 23-37 kDa was present in reproductive, placental, and fetal tissues and fetal fluids. PrP-C was low or undetectable in intercotyledonary chorioallantois, amnion, urachus, amniotic fluid, and fetal urine. In pregnant ewes, cotyledonary chorioallantois, allantoic fluid, and caruncular endometrium contained higher levels of PrP-C than did intercaruncular endometrium, myometrium, oviduct, ovary, fetal bladder, or fetal kidney. Caruncular endometrial PrP-C was up-regulated during pregnancy. Despite the wide distribution of PrP-C in reproductive, placental, and selected fetal tissues and fetal fluid, PrP-Sc was detected only in caruncular endometrium and cotyledonary chorioallantois of pregnant scrapie-infected ewes. The embryo/fetus may not be exposed to scrapie in utero because it is separated physically from PrP-positive allantois and chorioallantois by PrP-negative amnion.
W Tuo; D Zhuang; D P Knowles; W P Cheevers; M S Sy; K I O'Rourke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2001-03-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of biological chemistry     Volume:  276     ISSN:  0021-9258     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biol. Chem.     Publication Date:  2001 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-23     Completed Date:  2001-07-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985121R     Medline TA:  J Biol Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  18229-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Animal Disease Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Pullman, Washington 99164, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Maternal-Fetal Exchange
Reg. No./Substance:

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