Document Detail


Proximity to supermarkets associated with higher body mass index among overweight and obese preschool-age children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23219681     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine associations of proximity to food establishments with body mass index (BMI) among preschool-age children.
METHODS: We used baseline data from 438 children ages 2-6.9 years with a BMI ≥ 85th percentile participating in a RCT in Massachusetts from 2006 to 2009. We used a geographic information system to determine proximity to six types of food establishments: 1) convenience stores, 2) bakeries, coffee shops, candy stores, 3) full service restaurants, 4) large supermarkets, 5) small supermarkets, and 6) fast-food restaurants. The main outcome was child's BMI.
RESULTS: Children's mean (SD) BMI was 19.2 (2.4)kg/m(2); 35% lived ≤ 1 mile from a large supermarket, 42% lived >1 to 2 miles, and 22% lived >2 miles. Compared to children living >2 miles from a large supermarket, those who lived within 1 mile had a BMI 1.06 kg/m(2) higher. Adjustment for socioeconomic characteristics and distance to fast-food restaurants attenuated this estimate to 0.77 kg/m(2). Living in any other distance category from a large supermarket and proximity to other food establishments were not associated with child BMI.
CONCLUSIONS: Living closer to a large supermarket was associated with higher BMI among preschool-age children who were overweight or obese.
Authors:
Lauren Fiechtner; Jason Block; Dustin T Duncan; Matthew W Gillman; Steven L Gortmaker; Steven J Melly; Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman; Elsie M Taveras
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-12-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Preventive medicine     Volume:  56     ISSN:  1096-0260     ISO Abbreviation:  Prev Med     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-26     Completed Date:  2013-07-01     Revised Date:  2013-12-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0322116     Medline TA:  Prev Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  218-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Body Mass Index*
Child
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Food Supply / statistics & numerical data*
Humans
Male
Massachusetts
Overweight / epidemiology*
Residence Characteristics*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HD 050966/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD050966/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 MD003963/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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