Document Detail

Proximity of the popliteal artery to the PCL during simulated knee arthroscopy: implications for establishing the posterior trans-septal portal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16893156     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study defines the sagittal distance from the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) to the popliteal artery under simulated arthroscopic conditions. This information is relevant for posterior knee arthroscopy, particularly for the safe establishment of the posterior trans-septal portal. Measurements from the PCL to the popliteal artery were made on sagittal magnetic resonance images obtained in a previous study of 10 fresh-frozen cadaveric knees. The mean sagittal distance from the mid-PCL to the popliteal artery was 29.1 +/- 11 mm (range: 18-55 mm). The mean sagittal distance from the proximal PCL fovea to the popliteal artery was 9.7 +/- 5 mm (range: 3-16 mm). The results of this study provide the arthroscopist working in the posterior compartments of the knee with a more detailed knowledge of the anatomic relationship between the PCL and popliteal artery. This knowledge will help minimize the risk of iatrogenic vascular injury during arthroscopic knee surgery.
Andrew J Cosgarea; Dennis E Kramer; Michael S Bahk; William G Totty; Matthew J Matava
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of knee surgery     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1538-8506     ISO Abbreviation:  J Knee Surg     Publication Date:  2006 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-08     Completed Date:  2006-12-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137599     Medline TA:  J Knee Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  181-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Knee / anatomy & histology
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Middle Aged
Popliteal Artery / anatomy & histology*
Posterior Cruciate Ligament / anatomy & histology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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