Document Detail

Proximal coronary hemodynamic changes evaluated by intracardiac echocardiography during myocardial ischemia and reperfusion in a canine model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18307445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess whether the dynamic changes in coronary flow velocity and coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) by intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) within proximal coronary arteries are related to myocardial perfusion status and infarct size in a myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury model. METHODS: In 14 dogs, left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was ligated for 2 hours followed by 2 hours reperfusion. Coronary flow velocity was obtained by ICE within coronary arteries at baseline, and at the end of both occlusion and reperfusion period. The CFVR was calculated as the ratio of hyperemic to resting peak diastolic velocity (PDV). Myocardial perfusion was evaluated by real time myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). The infarct area was detected by triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and expressed as the percentage of the whole left ventricular (LV) area. RESULTS: CFVR significantly decreased both in proximal LAD and left circumflex (LCx) artery at the end of occlusion, and did not recover at the end of reperfusion. However, no significant difference in flow parameters was observed between dogs with myocardial perfusion defect and those without. CFVR in LAD at the end of reperfusion did not correlate with the infarct size (r =-0.182, P = NS) either. CONCLUSIONS: Decreased CFVR detected by ICE occurs both in ischemic and in nonischemic proximal arteries during myocardial ischemia and early stage of reperfusion. This change in CFVR has poor correlation with the extent of microvascular impairment and cannot be used to predict infarct size.
Beibei Han; Meng Wei
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0742-2822     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-29     Completed Date:  2008-06-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  312-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, Shanghai 6th People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, PR China.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Flow Velocity
Blood Pressure
Contrast Media
Coronary Circulation*
Echocardiography, Doppler* / methods
Heart Rate
Myocardial Ischemia / pathology,  physiopathology*,  ultrasonography
Myocardial Reperfusion*
Myocardium / pathology
Phospholipids / diagnostic use
Sulfur Hexafluoride / diagnostic use
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contrast Media; 0/Phospholipids; 0/contrast agent BR1; 2551-62-4/Sulfur Hexafluoride

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