Document Detail

Provisional report on diving-related fatalities in Australian waters 2002.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22692656     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
This report covers a total of 33 deaths, of which 17 were in people using a snorkel (three breath-hold diving), 13 in those using scuba, and three in those using surface-supply (hookah) breathing apparatus. There was a wide range of causes of death among the snorkel users, the most unusual being two cases of 'stroke' due to acute, severe hypertensive responses to box jellyfish envenomation. Cardiovascular factors were implicated in nine cases, including a significant history of cardiac disease in three, and single cases of 'silent' cardiomyopathy, 'stroke' in association with hypertension, and obesity. Two cases occurred during the victims' probable first use of a snorkel. In the scuba group, cardiac factors were implicated in 10 of the 13 fatalities, though other factors were also present. Inexperience was critical in at least two cases, and one died when an unsuspected congenital bronchogenic cyst ruptured during an apparently normal ascent. These reports are based on presently available coronial or published reports.
Douglas Walker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diving and hyperbaric medicine : the journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1833-3516     ISO Abbreviation:  Diving Hyperb Med     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101282742     Medline TA:  Diving Hyperb Med     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  8-28     Citation Subset:  -    
26/1145 Pittwater Road, Collaroy, NSW 2097, Australia, E-mail:
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