Document Detail

Proton pump inhibitors and risk of 1-year mortality and rehospitalization in older patients discharged from acute care hospitals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23460307     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
IMPORTANCE: The use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) has rapidly increased during the past several years. However, concern remains about risks associated with their long-term use in older populations.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the use of PPIs and the risk of death or the combined end point of death or rehospitalization in older patients discharged from acute care hospitals.
DESIGN: We investigated the relationship between PPI use and study outcomes using time-dependent Cox proportional hazards regression in patients 65 years or older discharged from acute care medical wards from April 1 to June 30, 2007.
SETTING: Eleven acute care medical wards.
PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred ninety-one patients (mean [SD] age, 80.0 [5.9] years).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mortality and the combined end point of death or rehospitalization. RESULTS The use of PPIs was independently associated with mortality (hazard ratio, 1.51 [95% CI, 1.03-2.77]) but not with the combined end point (1.49 [0.98-2.17]). An increased risk of mortality was observed among patients exposed to high-dose PPIs vs none (hazard ratio, 2.59 [95% CI, 1.22-7.16]).
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: In older patients discharged from acute care hospitals, the use of high-dose PPIs is associated with increased 1-year mortality. Randomized controlled studies including older frail patients are needed. In the meantime, physicians need to use caution and balance benefits and harms in long-term prescription of high-dose PPIs.
Marcello Maggio; Andrea Corsonello; Gian Paolo Ceda; Chiara Cattabiani; Fulvio Lauretani; Valeria Buttò; Luigi Ferrucci; Stefania Bandinelli; Angela Marie Abbatecola; Liana Spazzafumo; Fabrizia Lattanzio
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JAMA internal medicine     Volume:  173     ISSN:  2168-6114     ISO Abbreviation:  JAMA Intern Med     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-09     Completed Date:  2013-06-05     Revised Date:  2013-10-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101589534     Medline TA:  JAMA Intern Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  518-23     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Geriatric Rehabilitation, University-Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Patient Readmission*
Proportional Hazards Models
Proton Pump Inhibitors / adverse effects*
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Proton Pump Inhibitors
Comment In:
JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Sep 9;173(16):1559-60   [PMID:  24030767 ]
JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Sep 9;173(16):1559   [PMID:  24030766 ]
JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Apr 8;173(7):524-5   [PMID:  23459795 ]

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