Document Detail

Proteome reference map of Haloarcula hispanica and comparative proteomic and transcriptomic analysis of polyhydroxyalkanoate biosynthesis under genetic and environmental perturbations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23301558     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Many haloarchaea are known as polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) producers, but a global and integrated view of the PHA biosynthesis is still lacking in this group of archaea. In this study, a combined proteomic and transcriptomic approach was employed in Haloarcula hispanica, a model haloarchaeon that accumulates poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) under nutrient-limiting conditions with excess carbon source. First, a comprehensive proteome reference map was established for H. hispanica. A total of 936 spots representing 839 unique proteins (21.7% of the predicted proteome) were identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF PMF and MS/MS. The map was further utilized to reconstruct central metabolic pathways to facilitate functional genomic analysis in H. hispanica. The results from the proteomic and transcriptomic analysis indicated that active PHA production coordinated with the TCA cycle to maintain balanced growth in wild-type H. hispanica, which was grown in nutrient-limited medium (PHA-accumulating conditions) vs. nutrient-rich medium (non-PHA-accumulating conditions). Under nutrient-limiting conditions with excess carbon source, the PHA biosynthetic genes including phaEC, phaB, and phaP, were upregulated at the transcriptional level, whereas the TCA cycle and respiratory chain were downregulated. Thus, acetyl-CoA could be fed into the PHA biosynthetic pathway, leading to the accumulation of PHA granules in the cell. Simultaneously, the large amount of NADPH required during PHA accumulation was likely supplied by the C3 (pyruvate) and C4 (malate) pathway coupled with the urea cycle. When PHA biosynthesis was blocked, i.e., in the PHA synthase mutant (ΔphaEC) vs. wild type grown in nutrient-limited medium, the mutant might direct additional carbon and energy to the TCA cycle, but without obvious contribution to biomass accumulation. The combined approaches of proteomic and transcriptomic analysis were highly complementary, extending the physiological understanding of PHA biosynthesis and its regulation. This is the first integrated proteome and transcriptome investigation of PHA biosynthesis and regulation in haloarchaea. It has provided basic information for future systemic engineering of haloarchaea to meet industrial needs.
Hailong Liu; Yuanming Luo; Jing Han; Jinhua Wu; Zhenfang Wu; Deqin Feng; Shuangfeng Cai; Ming Li; Jingfang Liu; Jian Zhou; Hua Xiang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of proteome research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1535-3907     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Proteome Res.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101128775     Medline TA:  J Proteome Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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