Document Detail

Proteins in human milk.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17424653     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The human baby is born extremely immature, with its major organs and immune system not fully developed. for its survival, the infant depends on an extraordinarily well-adapted evolutionary strategy shared by all mammals: breastfeeding. But what does milk contain that makes it so essential for the newborn and how does it provide immunity, nutrition, and a source for optimal growth? Human milk is a very complex living fluid which comprises proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, cells and other biologically important components. These milk components interact synergistically with each other and their environment (the infant's gut) at a biomolecular level with the final result being that breastmilk feeds and protects the newborn. This article summarises the key characteristics of breastmilk proteins and describes their functions as critical molecules conferring human milk with its diverse bioactive properties. Also presented are some of the factors which hav an influence on the quantity and quality of breastmilk proteins.
María José López Alvarez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Breastfeeding review : professional publication of the Nursing Mothers' Association of Australia     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0729-2759     ISO Abbreviation:  Breastfeed Rev     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-09     Completed Date:  2007-04-11     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9616903     Medline TA:  Breastfeed Rev     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5-16     Citation Subset:  K    
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MeSH Terms
Digestive System / microbiology
Digestive System Physiological Phenomena
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology
Milk Proteins / metabolism*
Milk, Human / physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Milk Proteins

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