Document Detail

Protein self-organization in vitro and in vivo: partitioning between physical biochemistry and cell biology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9563818     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Protein folding is a hierarchical process, driven by the accumulation of increments of free energy from local interactions between neighboring residues, secondary structural elements, domains and subunits. The latter represent independent folding units. Thus, the folding kinetics divide into the collapse of sub-domains and domains and their merging to form the compact tertiary fold. In proceeding to oligomeric proteins, docking of structured monomers is the final step. In agreement with this mechanism, in vitro experiments show that the overall mechanism of folding and association obeys uni-bimolecular kinetics with aggregation as a competing side reaction. In vivo, accessory proteins serve to shift the kinetic partitioning between assembly and misassembly toward the native state. So far, co- and post-translational protein folding in the cell has been withstanding a detailed kinetic analysis. Despite obvious differences between the crowded cytosol and optimized in vitro folding conditions, the general mechanism of protein self-organization within and without the cell seems to be similar. Effects of solvent parameters on the rate and mode of protein folding are less significant than predicted. Addition of small ligands and compatible solutes allow nucleation steps and viscosity effects to be analyzed. The absence of chimeras after synchronous in vitro reconstitution of oligomeric enzymes proves subunit interactions to be highly specific.
R Jaenicke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biological chemistry     Volume:  379     ISSN:  1431-6730     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol. Chem.     Publication Date:  1998 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-05-27     Completed Date:  1998-05-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9700112     Medline TA:  Biol Chem     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  237-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institut für Biophysik und Physikalische Biochemie, Universität Regensburg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Molecular Chaperones / metabolism
Protein Folding*
Protein Processing, Post-Translational*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Molecular Chaperones; 0/Solvents

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