Document Detail


Protein quality and calcium availability from extruded and autoclaved turkey hatchery residue.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9181617     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The protein quality of an extruded mixture of hatchery by-product meal and soybean meal (EHSM) and the calcium availability of autoclaved hatchery by-product meal (AHBM) were determined. In Experiments 1 and 2, EHSM or soybean meal (SBM) were the only protein sources in diets formulated to contain 16, 20, or 24% CP. In both experiments, there were five or six replicate pens randomly allotted to each level of dietary protein and each pen contained five poults. In Experiment 1, there was a significant increase in the Protein Efficiency Ratio (PER; P < or = 0.005) in poults from a fast-growing line compared with poults from a slow-growing line selected for egg production but no significant differences between EHSM and SBM. In Experiment 2, PER was increased in poults fed EHSM (P < or = 0.002). In both studies, there was a large decline in PER in those poults fed the 16% SBM diet, and this resulted in a significant source by level interaction. There were no significant source or level of protein effects on the Net Protein Ratio (NPR) or Net Protein Utilization (NPU) in Experiment 2. In Experiment 3, AHBM, steamed bone meal and limestone were the primary sources of calcium in diets containing 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, and 1.2% calcium. There were four replicate pens per level and source of calcium. The length and width of the femur and tibia were measured along with fat-extracted bone weight and ash. Poults fed diets containing AHBM and limestone had improved feed efficiency (P < or = 0.008) compared with those fed bone meal. There were no significant diet effects on any bone measurements.
Authors:
M S Lilburn; G W Barbour; R Nemasetoni; C Coy; M Werling; A G Yersin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  1997 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-08-27     Completed Date:  1997-08-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  841-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Sciences, Ohio State University, Wooster 44691, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amino Acids / analysis,  metabolism
Animal Feed / analysis,  standards*
Animals
Biological Availability
Biological Products
Calcium / analysis,  metabolism,  pharmacokinetics*
Calcium Compounds / analysis,  metabolism
Diet / standards,  veterinary
Dietary Proteins / analysis,  metabolism,  standards*
Female
Femur / anatomy & histology,  chemistry
Food Handling / methods*
Housing, Animal
Minerals / analysis,  metabolism
Nitrogen / analysis,  metabolism
Oxides / analysis,  metabolism
Random Allocation
Soybeans / chemistry,  standards
Sterilization
Tibia / anatomy & histology,  chemistry
Turkeys / growth & development,  metabolism*,  physiology
Waste Products / analysis*
Zea mays / chemistry,  standards
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids; 0/Biological Products; 0/Calcium Compounds; 0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Minerals; 0/Oxides; 0/Waste Products; 1305-78-8/lime; 68409-75-6/bone meal; 7440-70-2/Calcium; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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