Document Detail

Protein mobility and diffusive barriers in Escherichia coli: consequences of osmotic stress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17462029     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effect of osmotic stress on the intracellular diffusion of proteins in Escherichia coli was studied, using a pulsed version of fluorescence recovery after photo-bleaching, pulsed-FRAP. This method employs sequences of laser pulses which only partly bleach the fluorophores in a cell. Because the cell size and geometry are taken into account, pulsed-FRAP enables to measure diffusion in very small cells of different shapes. We found that upon an osmotic upshock from 0.15 to 0.6 Osm, imposed by NaCl or sorbitol, the apparent intracellular diffusion (D) of mobile green fluorescent protein (GFP) decreased from 3.2 to 0.4 microm(2) s(-1), whereas the membrane permeable glycerol had no effect. Exposing E. coli cells to higher osmolalities (> 0.6 Osm) led to compartmentalization of the GFP into discrete pools, from where the GFP could not escape. Although free diffusion through the cell was hindered, the mobility of GFP in these pools was still relatively high (D approximately 0.4 microm(2) s(-1)). The presence of osmoprotectants restored the effect of osmotic stress on the protein mobility and apparent compartmentalization. Also, lowering the osmolality from 0.6 Osm back to 0.15 Osm restored the mobility of GFP. The implications of these findings in terms of heterogeneities and diffusive barriers inside the cell are discussed.
Geert van den Bogaart; Nicolaas Hermans; Victor Krasnikov; Bert Poolman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular microbiology     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0950-382X     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-27     Completed Date:  2007-08-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8712028     Medline TA:  Mol Microbiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  858-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Biochemistry Department, Groningen Biomolecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Escherichia coli / metabolism*
Escherichia coli Proteins / chemistry*,  metabolism
Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching / methods*
Green Fluorescent Proteins / chemistry,  metabolism
Models, Biological
Osmolar Concentration
Osmotic Pressure
Protein Transport
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Escherichia coli Proteins; 147336-22-9/Green Fluorescent Proteins

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