Document Detail


Protein kinase C modulates basal myogenic tone in resistance arteries from the cerebral circulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1991343     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this study was to determine whether myogenic tone in the cerebral circulation can be modified by agents that interact with protein kinase C (PKC), a modulator of intracellular calcium sensitivity. Pial arteries (194 +/- 8 microns at 125 mm Hg) were isolated from Wistar-Kyoto rats and mounted on glass microcannulas in a specialized arteriograph. Simultaneous recordings of transmural pressure and lumen diameter were made with a video-electronic system. Myogenic tone, which developed at transmural pressures above 50 mm Hg, reduced lumen diameter by 29 +/- 3%, to 136 +/- 5 microns. Staurosporine (a PKC inhibitor) or indolactam (a PKC activator) was added cumulatively to segments of arteries obtained from each animal. Staurosporine induced progressive and eventually complete dilation, with half-maximal inhibition of myogenic tone occurring at a concentration of 1.32 +/- 0.10 nM. Conversely, indolactam augmented basal tone, reducing diameter by a maximum of 62 +/- 3%, with half-maximal effects at 0.4 +/- 1.0 microM. The effects of indolactam on arterial responses to acute increases in transmural pressure were also determined to test whether this dynamic and possibly separate mechanism could be potentiated by PKC stimulation. Although basal tone was augmented, diameter responses to increased pressure were not altered. In summary, these results implicate PKC in the regulation of basal myogenic tone and resistance artery caliber, which is a major determinant of blood flow. PKC modulation did not affect diameter responses to sudden changes in transmural pressure, however, suggesting the existence of a separate sensing/transduction mechanism that has yet to be identified.
Authors:
G Osol; I Laher; M Cipolla
Related Documents :
1762443 - The pressure-flow relation for plasma in whole organ skeletal muscle and its experiment...
20435593 - Continuous retinal vessel diameter measurements: the future in retinal vessel assessment?
15640603 - Intracranial pressure monitoring in patients with fulminant hepatic failure treated wit...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation research     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0009-7330     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ. Res.     Publication Date:  1991 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-03-08     Completed Date:  1991-03-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0047103     Medline TA:  Circ Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  359-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington 05405.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alkaloids / pharmacology
Animals
Arteries / drug effects,  physiology
Cerebrovascular Circulation* / drug effects
Indoles / pharmacology
Lactams / pharmacology
Male
Muscle Tonus / drug effects,  physiology*
Potassium / antagonists & inhibitors,  pharmacology
Pressure
Protein Kinase C / antagonists & inhibitors,  physiology*
Rats
Rats, Inbred WKY
Staurosporine
Vascular Resistance*
Vasoconstriction
Vasomotor System / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-38231/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-42880/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Alkaloids; 0/Indoles; 0/Lactams; 62996-74-1/Staurosporine; 7440-09-7/Potassium; EC 2.7.11.13/Protein Kinase C

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effects of local reduction in pressure on distensibility and composition of cerebral arterioles.
Next Document:  Transmural myocardial deformation in the ischemic canine left ventricle.