Document Detail


Protective constriction of coronary vein grafts with knitted nitinol.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23295444     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Different flow patterns and shear forces were shown to cause significantly more luminal narrowing and neointimal tissue proliferation in coronary than in infrainguinal vein grafts. As constrictive external mesh support of vein grafts led to the complete suppression of intimal hyperplasia (IH) in infrainguinal grafts, we investigated whether mesh constriction is equally effective in the coronary position. METHODS: Eighteen senescent Chacma baboons (28.8 ± 3.6 kg) received aorto-coronary bypass grafts to the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Three groups of saphenous vein grafts were compared: untreated controls (CO); fibrin sealant-sprayed controls (CO + FS) and nitinol mesh-constricted grafts (ME + FS). Meshes consisted of pulse-compliant, knitted nitinol (eight needles; 50 μm wire thickness; 3.4 mm resting inner diameter, ID) spray attached to the vein grafts with FS. After 180 days of implantation, luminal dimensions and IH were analysed using post-explant angiography and macroscopic and histological image analysis. RESULTS: At implantation, the calibre mismatch between control grafts and the LAD expressed as cross-sectional quotient (Q(c)) was pronounced [Q(c) = 0.21 ± 0.07 (CO) and 0.18 ± 0.05 (CO + FS)]. Mesh constriction resulted in a 29 ± 7% reduction of the outer diameter of the vein grafts from 5.23 ± 0.51 to 3.68 ± 0 mm, significantly reducing the calibre discrepancy to a Q(c) of 0.41 ± 0.17 (P < 0.02). After 6 months of implantation, explant angiography showed distinct luminal irregularities in control grafts (ID difference between widest and narrowest segment 74 ± 45%), while diameter variations were mild in mesh-constricted grafts. In all control grafts, thick neointimal tissue was present [600 ± 63 μm (CO); 627 ± 204 μm (CO + FS)] as opposed to thin, eccentric layers of 249 ± 83 μm in mesh-constricted grafts (ME + FS; P < 0.002). The total wall thickness had increased by 363 ± 39% (P < 0.00001) in CO and 312 ± 61% (P < 0.00001) in CO + FS vs 82 ± 61% in ME + FS (P < 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: In a senescent non-human primate model for coronary artery bypass grafts, constrictive, external mesh support of saphenous veins with knitted nitinol prevented focal, irregular graft narrowing and suppressed neointimal tissue proliferation by a factor of 2.5. The lower degree of suppression of IH compared with previous infrainguinal grafts coincided with a lesser reduction of calibre mismatch in the coronary grafts.
Authors:
Loven Moodley; Thomas Franz; Paul Human; Michael F Wolf; Deon Bezuidenhout; Jacques Scherman; Peter Zilla
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Chris Barnard Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
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