Document Detail

Protective Effects of Pentoxifylline on Lipopolysaccharide-induced White Matter Injury in a Rat Model of Periventricular Leukomalasia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23614640     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Objective. To investigate the potential neuroprotective effect of maternal pentoxifylline (PNTX) treatment in endotoxin-induced periventricular leukomalasia (PVL) in the developing rat brain. Methods. Intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide were administered on two of three Wistar pregnant rats to establish PVL. To obtain PNTX-treated group, one of the two dams were injected PNTX. The control group was treated with saline. Rat pups were grouped as control, maternal LPS-treated group and PNTX+LPS-treated group. At 7th postnatal days, apoptosis and hypomyelination were evaluated. Apoptosis was evaluated by caspase-3 and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase [TdT] dUTP nick endlabelling reaction (TUNEL) immunostaining. To assess hypomyelination, myelin basic protein (MBP) staining, as a marker of myelination, was evaluated. Results. MBP staining was significantly less and weaker in the brains of the LPS-treated group as compared with the PNTX-treated group. PNTX treatment significantly reduced the number of apoptotic cells in the periventricular WM shown on Tunel and caspase-3. Conclusions. Presented study is firstly indicated that PNTX may provide protection against an LPS-induced inflammatory response and WMI in the developing rat brain. Our results also suggest that PNTX treatment in pregnant women with maternal or placental infection may minimize the risk of PVL and cerebral palsy.
Mustafa Dilek; Abdullah Kumral; Emre Okyay; Seda Ozbal; Kazim Tugyan; Funda Tuzun; Ali Haydar Sever; Osman Yilmaz; Nuray Duman; Hasan Ozkan
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology.
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