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Protective Effects of Flavonoid Extract from Apocynum venetum Leaves Against Corticosterone-Induced Neurotoxicity in PC12 Cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21170580     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Depression is a major psychiatric disorder affecting nearly 21% of the world population and imposes a substantial health burden on society. Although significant progress has been made in depression research, the common molecular mechanism of antidepressants is still far from clearly understood. The neuroprotective effect of antidepressants has been proposed as a possible mechanism. Although Apocynum venetum (AV) L. (Apocynaceae) was previously shown to produce an antidepressant-like effect in the tail suspension test, the mechanisms underlying such antidepressant-like effect are yet to be understood. In this work, we studied the neuroprotective effect of AV leaf flavonoid extract in corticosterone-induced neurotoxicity, using PC12 cells as a suitable in vitro model of depression. Cell viability was quantitated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The release amount of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and intracellular Ca(2+) concentration were measured using kit, cell period change was tested by flow cytometry, and transcript abundances of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and microtubule-associated protein 4 (MAP4) were determined by real-time RT-PCR. The results showed that AV extract (25, 50, and 100 μg/ml) increased the A490 nm values, but decreased LDH release and Ca(2+) concentration, suppressed the apoptosis of PC12 cells and up-regulated BDNF and MAP4 transcript abundances compared with the corresponding corticosterone-treated group. These results suggest that the AV extract could generate a neuroprotective effect on corticosterone-induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells, pointing to a possible action pathway by decreasing the Ca(2+) concentration and up-regulating BDNF and MAP4 genes.
Authors:
Meizhu Zheng; Chunming Liu; Fengguang Pan; Dongfang Shi; Fengshan Ma; Yuchi Zhang; Yujing Zhang
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-12-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cellular and molecular neurobiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-6830     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200709     Medline TA:  Cell Mol Neurobiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
College of Animal Science and Veterinary, Jilin University, Changchun, 130062, Jilin, People's Republic of China, zhengmeizhu2008@yahoo.com.cn.
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