Document Detail

Prosthetic arteriovenous fistula for vascular access in hemodialysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  134645     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Vascular access through subcutaneous prosthetic arteriovenous fistulas was studied in eighteen dogs. Dacron velour and woven Dacron grafts (6 mm diameter) were constructed across the lower abdomen between the common femoral artery and the opposite common femoral vein. In heparinized animals 197 percutaneous punctures were made with a "14 guage hemodialysis cannula at weekly intervals. Over a period of one and a half years there was no instance of infection. One of the fourteen Dacron velous and all four woven Dacron fistulas thrombosed. These data suggested the feasibility of achieving repetitive blood access through Dacron velour vascular prostheses. Nineteen Dacron velour fistula bypasses between the brachial artery and median basilic vein were performed in fifteen selected patients for a total dialysis period of ninety-six months. Failed standard subcutaneous fistulas or absence of suitable vessels in the upper extremity were indications for the primary procedure. Of three looped forearm fistulas, two thrombosed at twenty-two and two months. Complications among sixteen straight bypasses in the arm included two graft infections and one cannula tract infection. There were no instances of thrombosis in this group. The advantages of single needle dialysis in these high risk patients have been emphasized. Eleven grafts are presently functioning two to nine months postoperatively. Our preliminary results suggest that a Dacron velour fistula merits consideration as an alternative for vascular access in maintenance hemodialysis.
B S Levowitz; L Flores; I Dunn; E Frumkin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of surgery     Volume:  132     ISSN:  0002-9610     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Surg.     Publication Date:  1976 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-11-01     Completed Date:  1976-11-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370473     Medline TA:  Am J Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  368-72     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Arm / blood supply
Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical / methods*
Blood Vessel Prosthesis* / adverse effects
Brachial Artery / surgery
Femoral Artery / radiography,  surgery
Femoral Vein / radiography,  surgery
Hematoma / etiology
Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
Middle Aged
Polyethylene Terephthalates / adverse effects
Postoperative Complications / etiology
Renal Dialysis*
Surgical Wound Infection / etiology
Thrombosis / etiology
Veins / surgery
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Polyethylene Terephthalates

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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