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Prostate-specific antigen kallikrein and acute myocardial infarction: where we are. Where are we going?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19185931     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is an established marker for the detection of prostate cancer. Both elevated and diminished PSA have been reported during acute myocardial infarction. It seems that when elevation of PSA occurs during acute myocardial infarction (AMI), coronary lesions are frequent and often more severe than when a diminution of PSA occurs. PSA has been identified as a member of the human kallikrein family of serine proteases. In recent years, numerous observations have suggested that the activity of the kallikrein-kinin system is related to inflammation and to cardiovascular diseases. PSA kallikrein, however, does not seem to have kinin-generating activity. The inactive precursor form of PSA, proPSA, is converted rapidly to active PSA by Human kallikrein 2 (hK2), suggesting an important in vivo regulatory function byhK2 on PSA activity. However, it has been reported that hK2 might not alone be able to activate proPSA in vivo, but there are also other protease/proteases involved in this event. Moreover, it seems that when elevation of prostate-specific antigen occurs during AMI, it seems to relate to a higher occurrence of major adverse cardiac events in the first 8 days after AMI than when a diminution of PSA occurs. It confirms a possible new intriguing scenario of the role of the PSA in AMI. Although these preliminary observations are suggestive, large studies need to be done to confirm these preliminary results.
Salvatore Patanè; Filippo Marte
Publication Detail:
Type:  Letter     Date:  2009-01-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  146     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e20-2     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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