Document Detail

Prostasomes are mediators of intercellular communication: from basic research to clinical implications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22112042     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Ronquist G (Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden) Prostasomes - mediators of intercellular communication (Review). J Intern Med 2011 Prostasomes are nanosized microvesicles secreted by acinar epithelial cells of the prostate gland. Furthermore, they are intracellular microvesicles inside another larger vesicle, a so-called storage vesicle, equivalent to multivesicular bodies of late endosomal origin. Prostasomes are thought to play an important role in intercellular communication by direct interaction primarily between the immobile acinar cells of the prostate gland and the mobile spermatozoa. Prostasomes transfer not only membrane components but also genetic material to spermatozoa. They are rich in various transferable bioactive molecules (e.g. receptors and enzymes) that promote the fertilizing ability of spermatozoa. In this review, the pleiotropic biological effects of prostasomes that are relevant for successful fertilization will be discussed. The ability to synthesize and export prostasomes to the extracellular space is observed not only in normal prostate epithelial cells, but also in malignant prostate cells. Release of prostasomes by prostate cancer cells suggests a role in malignant cell growth and proliferation. These findings may provide new therapeutic and diagnostic strategies.
G Ronquist
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of internal medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2796     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904841     Medline TA:  J Intern Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 The Association for the Publication of the Journal of Internal Medicine.
Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
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