Document Detail


Prostaglandins potentiate U-46619-induced pulmonary microvascular dysfunction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10749804     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The induction of cyclooxygenase is an important event in the pathophysiology of acute lung injury. The purpose of this study was to examine the synergistic effects of various cyclooxygenase products (PGE(2), PGI(2), PGF(2alpha)) on thromboxane A(2) (TxA(2))-mediated pulmonary microvascular dysfunction. The lungs of Sprague-Dawley rats were perfused ex vivo with Krebs-Henseleit buffer containing indomethacin and PGE(2) (5 x 10(-8) to 1 x 10(-7) M), PGF(2alpha) (7 x 10(-9) to 5 x 10(-6) M), or PGI(2) (5 x 10(-8) to 2 x 10(-5) M). The TxA(2)-receptor agonist U-46619 (7 x 10(-8) M) was then added to the perfusate, and then the capillary filtration coefficient (K(f)), pulmonary arterial pressure (Ppa), and total pulmonary vascular resistance (RT) were determined. The K(f) of lungs perfused with U-46619 was twice that of lungs perfused with buffer alone (P = 0.05). The presence of PGE(2), PGF(2alpha), and PGI(2) within the perfusate of lungs exposed to U-46619 caused 118, 65, and 68% increases in K(f), respectively, over that of lungs perfused with U-46619 alone (P < 0.03). The RT of lungs perfused with PGE(2) + U-46619 was approximately 30% greater than that of lungs exposed to either U-46619 (P < 0.02) or PGE(2) (P < 0.01) alone. When paired measurements of RT taken before and then 15 min after the addition of U-46619 were compared, PGI(2) was found to attenuate U-46619-induced increases in RT (P < 0.01). These data suggest that PGE(2), PGI(2), and PGF(2alpha) potentiate the effects of TxA(2)-receptor activation on pulmonary microvascular permeability.
Authors:
J K Wright; L T Kim; T E Rogers; R H Turnage
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  88     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-05-17     Completed Date:  2000-05-17     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1167-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School and Dallas Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75216, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid / pharmacology*
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Dinoprost / pharmacology
Dinoprostone / pharmacology
Epoprostenol / pharmacology
Indomethacin / pharmacology
Microcirculation / drug effects*,  physiology
Perfusion
Prostaglandins / pharmacology*
Pulmonary Artery / drug effects,  physiology*
Pulmonary Circulation / drug effects*,  physiology
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Vascular Resistance / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Prostaglandins; 35121-78-9/Epoprostenol; 363-24-6/Dinoprostone; 53-86-1/Indomethacin; 551-11-1/Dinoprost; 76898-47-0/15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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