Document Detail


Prostacyclin concentrations and transitional circulation in preterm infants requiring mechanical ventilation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10325809     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To describe the association between early postnatal prostacyclin concentrations in preterm infants; echocardiographic measurements of ductal diameter and ventricular output and clinical outcomes of intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). METHODS: Forty nine preterm infants born before 30 weeks of gestational age (median birthweight 980 g, median gestational age 27 weeks) underwent echocardiographic studies at 5, 12, 24 and 48 hours of postnatal age. Measurements included ventricular outputs and the ductal shunt diameter as a measure of the shunt size. Simultaneous measurements of blood pressures, mean airway pressure and inspired fraction of oxygen (FIO2) were recorded. A blood sample for the prostacyclin metabolite 6-ketoprostaglandin F1-alpha (6KPGF1 alpha) was taken at the 5 and 24 hour echocardiogram. RESULTS: The mean 6KPGF1 alpha concentrations were higher than adult concentrations at 5 (515 pg/ml) and 24 (255 pg/ml) hours. There was no association with gestational age. Raised 6KPGF1 alpha concentrations were related to increased need for mechanical ventilation and severity of respiratory disease. At 5 hours, increased 6KPGF1 alpha concentrations were associated with larger PDA and at 24 hours with larger PDA and higher left ventricular output. Infants with higher 6KPGF1 alpha concentrations were more likely to develop clinically significant PDA. There was no association between early measurements of 6KPGF1 alpha and IVH. CONCLUSIONS: Early postnatal prostacyclin concentrations are markedly raised in preterm infants, particularly in those with more severe lung disease. Raised 6KPGF1 alpha concentrations were associated with an increased ductal diameter and subsequent PDA, but not IVH.
Authors:
M Kluckow; N Evans; G Leslie; J Rowe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition     Volume:  80     ISSN:  1359-2998     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed.     Publication Date:  1999 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-19     Completed Date:  1999-05-19     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9501297     Medline TA:  Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  F34-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
University of Sydney, NSW, Australia. mkluckow@med.usyd.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha / blood*
Analysis of Variance
Cerebral Hemorrhage / blood,  ultrasonography
Ductus Arteriosus, Patent / blood*,  therapy,  ultrasonography
Echocardiography
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / blood
Respiration, Artificial
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / blood*,  therapy,  ultrasonography
Statistics, Nonparametric
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
58962-34-8/6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha
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