Document Detail


Prospective relations between growth in drinking and familial stressors across adolescence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19685957     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although there is much empirical support for the relation between stress and alcohol consumption in adolescence, it is unclear whether exposure to stressors is associated with overall trajectories or temporary elevations in drinking. Moreover, little research has explored whether the stress-alcohol use association in adolescence may be explained by shared risk factors that produce both individual differences in stress exposure and elevated risk for alcohol use. The present study tested these hypotheses within the context of a state-trait model of family stressors in a prospectively studied sample of children at high risk for alcoholism: children of alcoholic parents and matched controls (n = 451). Levels and growth in alcohol use were modeled longitudinally from ages 13 to 17. Results indicated that shared risk factors accounted for 53% of the impact of trait family stressors on growth in adolescent drinking, but time-specific exposure to familial stressors still predicted short-term boosts in alcohol use in adolescence. These findings imply that trait familial stressors mark adolescents at risk for alcohol use and also impact adolescent alcohol use within a short time frame (i.e., over 1 year vs. over many years) when they occur above and beyond the adolescent's "usual load" of stressors.
Authors:
Kevin M King; Brooke S G Molina; Laurie Chassin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of abnormal psychology     Volume:  118     ISSN:  1939-1846     ISO Abbreviation:  J Abnorm Psychol     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-18     Completed Date:  2009-11-16     Revised Date:  2014-09-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0034461     Medline TA:  J Abnorm Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  610-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology,  psychology*
Alcoholism / psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Family Conflict / psychology*
Female
Humans
Impulsive Behavior / epidemiology,  psychology
Individuality
Life Change Events
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
Prospective Studies
Psychometrics
Risk Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AA011873/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; AA016213/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; DA019753/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; F31 DA019753/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; F31 DA019753-01/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
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