Document Detail

Prospective evaluation of total thyroidectomy versus ipsilateral versus bilateral central neck dissection in patients with clinically node-negative papillary thyroid carcinoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23158170     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic central neck dissection (PCND) for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is controversial. We compared 3 different approaches to the management of central compartment nodes in patients with clinically unifocal and N0 PTC.
METHODS: A total of 186 patients were prospectively assigned to one of the following procedures: total thyroidectomy (TT), TT plus ipsilateral PCND (Ipsi-PCND), and TT plus bilateral PCND (Bil-PCND).
RESULTS: No difference was found concerning demographic, clinical or pathologic characteristics (P = NS). More patients in the Bil-PCND group had transient hypocalcemia (P < .001). One patient in the Bil-PCND group experienced permanent hypoparathyroidism (P = NS). One transient and one permanent unilateral laryngeal nerve palsy occurred in the Ipsi-PCND group (P = NS). Significantly more patients in the Bil-PCND and Ipsi-PCND groups had node metastases recognized (26 vs 18 vs 6; P < .001). Six of 26 pN1 patients (23%) in the Bil-PCND group had bilateral metastases. No difference was found concerning mean postoperative basal and stimulated thyroglobulin and mean postoperative radioiodine uptake. One patient in the Ipsi-PCND group experienced recurrent disease (P = NS).
CONCLUSION: TT seems adequate treatment for most patients with clinically N0 PTC. PCND could be considered for a more accurate staging. Ipsi-PCND could be a valid option, but it includes the risk of overlooking contralateral metastases.
Marco Raffaelli; Carmela De Crea; Luca Sessa; Piero Giustacchini; Luca Revelli; Chiara Bellantone; Celestino Pio Lombardi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgery     Volume:  152     ISSN:  1532-7361     ISO Abbreviation:  Surgery     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417347     Medline TA:  Surgery     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  957-64     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Endocrine and Metabolic Surgery, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.
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