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Prospective evaluation of the relationship between acute exacerbations of COPD and gastroesophageal reflux disease diagnosed by questionnaire.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21454063     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects on AECOPD of GERD diagnosed by a questionnaire. METHODS: The subjects were 221 consecutive patients with stable COPD who were evaluated using the Frequency Scale for Symptoms of GERD (FSSG) and a prospective survey of AECOPD for one year. Patients taking drugs for acid suppression were excluded. The association between the frequency of AECOPD and the presence of GERD or FSSG score was examined. RESULTS: Based on the FSSG, the prevalence of GERD was 26.7%. AECOPD and hospitalization due to AECOPD were significantly more frequent in patients with GERD than in those without GERD, with crude relative risks of 3.42 and 3.66, respectively. Multivariate analyses showed that GERD and COPD stage IV were significant predictors of hospitalization due to AECOPD, independent of respiratory therapies or patient characteristics. The severity of GERD symptoms, as measured by the FSSG score, was significantly correlated with the frequencies of AECOPD and hospitalization due to AECOPD. Similar correlations were seen for the FSSG subscores for acid reflux and gastric dysmotility. CONCLUSIONS: This prospective cohort study showed that GERD appears to be a predictive factor for hospitalization due to AECOPD and that severer GERD symptoms may be associated with more frequent AECOPD. Thus, further studies are warranted to evaluate the preventive effect of the therapy for GERD on AECOPD.
Kazuto Takada; Shuuichi Matsumoto; Eiji Kojima; Susumu Iwata; Shoutarou Okachi; Kiyoko Ninomiya; Hiroshi Morioka; Kentarou Tanaka; Yasunori Enomoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-3064     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8908438     Medline TA:  Respir Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Division of Respiratory and Allergy Medicine, Komaki City Hospital, 1-20 Johbuji, Komaki 485-8520, Japan.
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