Document Detail


Prospective cross-sectional study using questionnaire to assess the effect of a different nomenclature for psychiatric illnesses on the perception of these diseases by university students.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23018065     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE. To assess the effect of a difference in nomenclature for psychiatric illness on perceptions of university students. DESIGN. Cross-sectional study. SETTING. Three local universities in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS. A total of 201 university students (undergraduates or postgraduates) were interviewed with a questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Score difference between the new and old nomenclature of each disease for each question of the questionnaire, using a 5-point Likert scale and an integrated score difference for each disease. RESULTS. Of the seven diseases investigated, six yielded a significant yet mild increase in positive perceptions with the new nomenclature. These diseases included schizophrenia (integrated score difference: +0.158, P<0.001), neurasthenia (integrated score difference: +0.117, P<0.001), paranoia (integrated score difference: +0.209, P<0.001), personality disorder (integrated score difference: +0.282, P<0.001), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (integrated score difference: +0.086, P=0.005), and bipolar disorder (integrated score difference: +0.154, P<0.001). Epilepsy showed a negative perception with its new nomenclature (integrated score difference: -0.119, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS. The new nomenclature system for psychiatric diseases achieves more positive perceptions among the university students than the old nomenclature. Epilepsy was the exception for which the old nomenclature conferred a more positive perception. Further studies on this topic involving a more general population should be advocated to confirm the improvements in perception with the new naming system for psychiatric diseases.
Authors:
J Lau; L S Kam; Y M Tsang; B Ck Chow; Y Y Fang; K W Lam; Y T Lam; Y Y Li; C Hs Wong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi / Hong Kong Academy of Medicine     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1024-2708     ISO Abbreviation:  Hong Kong Med J     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9512509     Medline TA:  Hong Kong Med J     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  381-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.
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