Document Detail

Prospective evaluation of sacral nerve modulation in children with validated questionnaires.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23391470     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Sacral neuromodulation for refractory urinary dysfunction in pediatrics shows promising results. We prospectively evaluated patients undergoing sacral neuromodulation using validated quality of life and bladder dysfunction questionnaires.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients were prospectively enrolled in the study. Two validated questionnaires were completed preoperatively, after lead placement and at all followups. The PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scale, which assesses quality of life and bladder dysfunction, was quantified using the Vancouver Nonneurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction/Dysfunctional Elimination Syndrome (NLUTD/DES) questionnaire. The Wilcoxon matched pairs test was used for statistical analysis with p <0.05 considered significant.
RESULTS: A total of 14 patients with a median age of 10 years were enrolled in the study. Median followup was 6 months. All patients underwent generator placement. No significant difference was seen in physical quality of life. Before and after lead placement mean ± SD psychosocial quality of life scores were 70.6 ± 17.4 and 81.43 ± 14.8 (p = 0.02), mean total quality of life scores were 75 ± 15.3 and 84.04 ± 13.2 (p = 0.006) and median NLUTD/DES scores were 23 ± 7.8 and 10.5 ± 7.0 (p <0.001), respectively. One month postoperatively a significant difference was seen in total quality of life and NLUTD/DES scores. Two patients required replacement of the temporary lead or generator. There were no infections.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing sacral neuromodulation had significant improvement in NLUTD/DES scores, and psychosocial and overall total quality of life. Results were durable at 1 month. Continuing to follow these patients in a prospective manner with validated questionnaires will strengthen the current evidence supporting sacral neuromodulation in the pediatric population.
Heidi A Stephany; Trisha M Juliano; Douglass B Clayton; Stacy T Tanaka; John C Thomas; Mark C Adams; John W Brock; John C Pope
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies     Date:  2013-02-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of urology     Volume:  190     ISSN:  1527-3792     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Urol.     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-09-13     Completed Date:  2013-11-14     Revised Date:  2014-01-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376374     Medline TA:  J Urol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1516-22     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Lumbosacral Plexus
Prospective Studies
Quality of Life*
Questionnaires / standards*
Reproducibility of Results
Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation / methods*
Treatment Outcome
Urination Disorders / physiopathology,  psychology,  therapy*
Urodynamics / physiology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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