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Propranolol versus Prednisone in the Treatment of Infantile Hemangiomas: A Retrospective Comparative Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21995756     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
  The goal of the current study was to compare the clinical effectiveness of oral propranolol with that of oral prednisone in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IH). Patients treated for IH with oral propranolol were retrospectively matched with patients treated with oral prednisone according to type, location, and size of the IH and age at start of treatment. Response to treatment was evaluated by rating serial medical photographs taken 1, 2, and 6 months after initiation of treatment. Degree of clinical improvement in overall appearance (including color and size) was rated as follows: worse or stable (0), slight (<25%), moderate (25-50%), good (50-75%), or excellent (>75%). A second assessment was done using a 100-mm visual analog scale to rate improvement at 6 months. Pre and post-treatment imaging was available for several patients. Twelve pairs of infants with IH were analyzed. At 1 month, clinical improvement in the propranolol group was moderate to good in all patients. In the prednisone group, only one patient had moderate improvement, with others showing slight (7/12) or no improvement or stabilization (3/12) from baseline and one case worsening. At 6 months, the propranolol group showed good to excellent response in all cases, whereas nine in the prednisone group showed slight to moderate response. Doppler ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging correlated with the clinical improvement in the cases in which it was performed. No major side effects were observed in either group. Propranolol appears superior to oral prednisone in inducing more-rapid and greater clinical improvement in this study. A larger prospective study comparing these two treatment modalities is warranted.
Authors:
Janie Bertrand; Catherine McCuaig; Josée Dubois; Afshin Hatami; Sandra Ondrejchak; Julie Powell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric dermatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-1470     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406799     Medline TA:  Pediatr Dermatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Division of Dermatology, Department of Pediatrics, CHU Sainte Justine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada Department of Radiology, CHU Sainte Justine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada.
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